What causes mental neurological disorders

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The job title “neurologist” is a legally protected term for academics with a successfully completed medical degree and a subsequent specialist training in the field of neurology.

The medical specialty of neurology includes the prevention, diagnosis and therapeutic treatment of neurological disorders. Diseases are treated that are caused by disorders or failures in the area of ​​the central nervous system and the neurological areas of the brain.

The best-known and most common neurological diseases include Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, strokes, epilepsy, memory disorders and pain disorders or sleep disorders. These diseases are often caused by a multifactorial interplay of biological-genetic and individual factors or by external environmental influences.

As part of the specific diagnosis of a neurological disease, an examination interview and a physical examination are carried out on the patient. An anamnesis of the previous course of the disease and the individual risk factors are taken. In addition, depending on the specific question, further neurological and neuroradiological examinations (EEG, MRT, PET) are carried out, which enable a precise mapping of the affected brain structures. Correct diagnosis is an important prerequisite for adequate therapy. The examination methods as well as surgical and drug treatment methods in the neurological field have developed technically over the last decades, which has made a more targeted and precise diagnosis and treatment possible.

Demographic change creates an ever-increasing demand for neurological expertise, as neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia or the risk of a stroke are on the rise. In addition, the demand is increasing due to the interdisciplinary field of neuropsychiatry, which combines psychological and neurological factors. In the context of neurological diseases, psychological causes for the etiology of the disease are used and, in the case of mental diseases, neurological determinants are taken into account. In addition, the interdisciplinary work between psychologists, psychiatrists and neurologists continues to increase, since many mental illnesses are noticeable through neurological abnormalities such as attention or memory performance as well as concentration or sleep problems. A neurological evaluation is therefore particularly recommended in the area of ​​mental illnesses associated with cognitive functional disorders such as depression or addictions. Increasing interdisciplinary cooperation with colleagues from all advanced disciplines enables comprehensive and qualified care for neurological diseases.


  • German Society for Neurology
  • neurologen-und-psychiater-im-netz.org