Is EMP weapon illegal in India
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By coupling electromagnetic fields into electrical conductors of all types and any structure, such high voltages, currents and energies can occur in electrical and electronic devices that they are disturbed or destroyed.
As a protective measure, electronic systems can be made more resistant by so-called hardening.
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is the ability of an electronic system to function satisfactorily in its electronic environment without unduly influencing this environment, which also includes other systems. Today systems are usually shielded and protected against the disturbances that occur in industry or in everyday life in the context of ensuring EMC. However, strong impulses (i.e. with a high field strength) can still lead to the failure of the systems. These strong pulses occur in nuclear weapon explosions, but can also be generated in a targeted manner by technical devices (so-called electromagnetic weapons).
Nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NEMP)
The nuclear electromagnetic pulse (NEMP) is an effective component that occurs in nuclear weapon detonations. It is a pulse-shaped electromagnetic field of high intensity and large spatial expansion.
The NEMP occurs in near-ground and atmospheric nuclear weapon detonations and is accordingly referred to as Endo-NEMP or Exo-NEMP. There are fields of several or with pulse durations of around 100 and a rise time in the nanosecond range. It is less pronounced in explosions at medium height.
Without protective measures (so-called hardening) of components and systems, which usually have a destruction threshold of milliamps or a few millivolts, the magnitudes of kilovolts and kiloamps lead to the direct destruction of the non-hardened systems.
Electromagnetic pulses of high intensity can also be generated without a nuclear weapon explosion. There are reports that the necessary devices (electromagnetic weapons) can be reduced to the size of a suitcase. However, the range is not comparable to the range of the electromagnetic pulse when a nuclear weapon is ignited.
The electromagnetic weapons are often referred to as e-bombs and can also be found under the term High Power Microwaves (HPM). The assessment of the effects of electromagnetic pulses on humans has not been conclusively clarified. However, people with cardiac pacemakers or other electronic implants are affected. The use of an EM weapon is primarily aimed at the destruction of facilities.
Information on the biological effects of electromagnetic fields can be found on the website of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection.
|EM weapon||electromagnetic weapon|
|HPM||High power microwaves|
|HLMW||High power microwaves|
|NEMP||nuclear electromagnetic pulse; Very high intensity electromagnetic radiation generated by a nuclear weapon detonation|
|ENDO-NEMP||near-ground (endo-atmospheric) NEMP, which is produced during nuclear weapon detonations that take place at altitudes of up to 2 km|
|EXO-NEMP||Exo-atmospheric NEMP, caused by nuclear weapon detonations at altitudes over 35 km|
|TREE||transient radiation effects on electronics|
|SGEMP||system generated EMP: by interaction of the system with the gamma pulse of a nuclear weapon|
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