Why is Honduras so poor

Honduras

Honduras is the second largest country in Central America and is characterized by severe inequality, violence and inadequate medical care. Malnutrition, unemployment, child mortality and illiteracy characterize the country that is still suffering from the aftermath of the 2009 military coup. Children from poor families in particular often do not receive any schooling because they have to contribute to the family's livelihood. The poor health of the health system means that children are often affected by diarrhea and respiratory diseases, as well as malnutrition and malnutrition.

The challenges

Two thirds of the population live below the poverty line, and almost half are even considered extremely poor. Malnutrition, unemployment, child mortality, inadequate educational opportunities and, as a result, a high illiteracy rate can be found especially in the southern and eastern parts of the country. Children make up 49 percent of the population and are particularly affected by the problematic structures in Honduras. The state does too little to protect them; mostly the lack of resources is the reason why action plans cannot be implemented.

Violence and crime are one of the biggest problems - the country has one of the highest homicide rates in the world. This is reinforced by maras, criminal youth gangs, and also by the high level of impunity and the fragile state structures.

Medical care is inadequate in many regions: many families are denied access to health centers due to a lack of transport and financial resources. There are not enough staff, equipment and medication available. HIV / AIDS is a health risk, undernourishment and malnutrition as well as diarrhea and respiratory diseases are common diseases.

Poverty in Honduras is closely linked to the low quality of the education system, especially in rural areas. In rural areas, school equipment and infrastructure and the quality of teaching are extremely poor, and the number of school-age children enrolled and drop-out rates are generally much higher than in urban schools.

Often the adults have not had any schooling and therefore see no need for a good education for their children. According to the law, children under the age of 14 are prohibited from working, but children are brought up to help make a living from an early age. They work as shoe shiners, street vendors and as a car washer. Since they do not attend primary school all the time, they are denied further training.