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Artificial intelligence and IT security

From Bodenseezentrum Innovation 4.0 In Paper Marked in Digitization, Processes & Structures, Knowledge & Competence 798 downloads

Technologies based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) are increasingly permeating all areas of life. Their contribution to the improved security of IT systems as well as the security of AI systems themselves are essential so that citizens, companies, politics and authorities can take advantage of the advancing digitization
can. AI systems will play an important role in increasing IT security in the future. Machine learning methods can be used, for example, to improve the capability of intrusion detection systems or to differentiate between normal and suspicious activities in networks. AI systems can make IT security professionals effective
support and thus mitigate the effects of the shortage of skilled workers in IT security in the short term (see Chapter 2). However, AI technologies also have dual-use potential in the area of ​​IT security (see Chapter 3). Machine learning methods that can be used to identify previously unknown security gaps in networks or software systems can also be used by attackers. Using AI methods and procedures, they can optimize their attack strategies or develop new threats.
The threat risk should not be overstated, but it is an additional motivation to develop a technological lead in this field of application of AI and to develop an awareness of the dual-use potential as a developer and user. AI systems are increasingly being integrated into processes in which security and data protection play a central role. It is therefore important to protect the AI ​​systems themselves from attacks, to increase their robustness against possible manipulation and to implement appropriate protective measures (see Chapter 4). In view of the new dynamics that AI systems are bringing into the field of IT security,
different fields of action arise - from supporting small and medium-sized companies to building up competencies in AI and IT security through to the development and design of the systems themselves. The authors of this paper propose initial solutions for these fields of action (see Chapter 5), which they will differentiate and further develop in the next step.

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