Which diet works best for treating diabetes
- Consume a lot of foods rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals.
- Eat fruit every day (a small portion twice a day), vegetables or salad (a large portion three times a day), and eat legumes and whole grains often (whole grains if possible).
- Eat two to three servings of fish per week (preferably oily fish such as herring, salmon, mackerel, halibut or tuna).
- Prefer cold roasts to heavily processed sausages.
- Drink water and unsweetened teas / coffee.
- Prefer dairy products and cheeses with approx. 30–40% fat in the dry matter.
- Use oils rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (e.g. olive or rapeseed oil) for cooking. Vegetable margarines are just as suitable as spreadable fat as butter. Animal fats (clarified butter, lard, etc.) as well as coconut fat and deep-frying fats should be avoided.
- Chocolate (approx. 70% cocoa content), cakes, pastries and sweets are not prohibited. Enjoy small amounts and measure your blood sugar level 90 minutes after you eat! The quantity selection is based on this.
- Season better than salt! Avoid heavily salted foods such as pastries, sausages and ready-made products. Use plenty of herbs and spices to save on salt. You can find out more under Herbs & Spices.
Beware of alcohol
For diabetics, it is important to know that alcohol has a blood sugar lowering effect (although the blood sugar rises first, especially with beer). You should be particularly careful when combining alcohol and exercise: the risk of hypoglycaemia is great!
As for people with healthy metabolism, moderate alcohol consumption is also acceptable for diabetes (women ten grams per day, men 20 grams per day). This corresponds to an eighth of wine OR a pint of beer for the woman. Male diabetics should not drink more than a quarter of wine OR a mug of beer per day - this is the upper limit. It is important to watch the body's reaction (often measuring blood sugar) and to keep the alcohol intake rather low.
Alcohol lowers blood sugar for many hours! Alcoholic beverages that contain high amounts of sugar are not suitable for diabetics. Therefore, be careful with liqueur, sweet or dessert wine, alcopops, etc., but also with non-alcoholic beer, as it contains more malt sugar than normal beer.
Diabetics who inject insulin or take blood sugar-lowering medication should never count alcoholic beverages in the bread units and administer insulin for them. In addition, you should always consume alcohol with a meal that is high in carbohydrates. Overweight diabetics with high blood lipid levels (especially in the case of hypertriglyceridaemia) and high blood pressure benefit if they always limit their alcohol consumption.
In addition, alcohol is very high in energy and can therefore promote the development of obesity.
NoteThe recommendations given here for the prevention of certain diseases or for nutrition in certain diseases are to be understood as the basis for individually tailored measures. They cannot replace a personal consultation or diagnosis by a doctor or a dietician.
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