Was the Roman emperor Caracalla a successful emperor

Caracalla, actually Lucius Septimius Bassianus, (188-217), Roman Emperor (211-217). His nickname Caracalla is derived from the Gallic term for a long overgarment that he introduced in Rome. Caracalla was born in Lugdunum (Lyon) in Gaul. In 196 he was raised to Caesar and took the name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus; two years later he was made Augustus. When his father, Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus died in 211, he took over the rule together with his younger brother Publius Septimius Geta. A little later he left Geta and numerous alleged opponents, including also his wife, murdered and was sole ruler in the empire from 212 onwards. His absolutist rule was characterized by cruelty, extravagance and betrayal and relied primarily on the army. He undertook several successful campaigns against the Alemanni and the Carps and secured the border on the Danube. Since he saw himself in the footsteps of Alexander the Great and tried to realize his plans for a world empire, he began a war against the Parthian Empire in 216. During this war he was murdered near Edessa in 217 at the instigation of his Prefect of the Guard Macrinus. In Rome, Caracalla, inter alia. from 212 the Caracalla Baths, which were designed for around 1,500 visitors, and the Arch of Septimius Severus were built; and with the Constitutio Augustiniana he granted Roman citizenship to all free residents of the empire in 212.

Caracalla, nickname of the Roman emperor who ruled as Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (188-217). Originally named Bassianus, he was born in Lugdunum, Gaul (now Lyon, France), and earned his nickname because he introduced into Roman fashion a long cloak or tunic from Gaul called the caracalla. When his father, Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus, died in 211, Caracalla became joint emperor with his younger brother, Publius Septimius Geta. In 212 Caracalla became sole emperor after causing the murder of Geta and the massacre of several thousand of Geta's followers. Caracalla's reign was marked by cruelty, extravagance, and treachery, particularly in military campaigns against the Alamanni and the people of Gaul and Parthia. During his reign the Baths of Caracalla and the Arch of Septimius were constructed in Rome. Caracalla was assassinated in Mesopotamia by Marcus Opelius Macrinus, who then succeeded him as emperor.

Caracalla Soprannome di Bassiano Marco Aurelio Severo Antonino (Lione 186 - Carre 217), imperatore romano, so soprannominato per la tunica originariamente portata dai galli, il cui uso egli diffuse a Roma. Figlio di Settimio Severo e Giulia Domna, succedette al padre nel 211 insieme al fratello, Geta, che fece assassinare nel 212. Instaurò quindi un potere dispotico, caratterizzato da azioni cruente e comportamenti stravaganti. Nel 212 estese, con la Constitutio antoniniana, la cittadinanza romana a tutti i cittadini dell'impero. Nel 213 respinse gli alamanni dalla Rezia, e l'anno seguente si recò in Oriente per combattere, senza fortuna, contro i parti; mentre fervevano i preparativi per una nuova campagna, venne ucciso da Macrino, prefetto del pretorio.

Source: Microsoft Encarta