How is gamification used in learning
Gamification: what it is and what it brings
Of course, you saw right away: Gamification is based on the English word "game", which means "game" in German. To simply equate the term with "playing in the classroom" is not enough, however. Because gamification is not about throwing the dice, Sudoku or another short game that you incorporate into a lesson for a change - but about embedding the learning content in a comprehensive game context.
- Storytelling creates excitement and increases the fun factor. Embed your learning content and units in an exciting framework story. For example, you can move in fantastic worlds with elves, wizards and warriors, in which the students have to defeat "monsters" such as exercises, tests and classwork. Chemical formulas become the recipe for magic potions and only those who know the correct English vocabulary can open closed doors and advance in the game.
- The performance evaluation takes place according to fixed rules within and along the "game". Instead of solving stupid tasks and going through new knowledge, the students embark on so-called "quests" that have to be mastered in fixed small groups. For example, if you answer class questions correctly and solve exercises correctly, you collect (experience) points. Positive behavior is also rewarded. Disturbances, forgotten homework and other "offenses", on the other hand, are acknowledged with damage points.
- The individual groups (and sometimes the students among themselves) compete in a playful way. The point lists and the current high scores are kept public, so that every group and every student can see the score. This arouses ambition and is an additional incentive.
When designing "your" game, you have various options.
You can use role play as a base and let students choose between different avatars. Each character brings specific skills that students can then use on their quests. For example, the warrior can sacrifice himself and "intercept" damage for other group members. Certain privileges are also associated with the avatars - a magician, for example, of course masters invisibility and can therefore be up to three minutes late with impunity. Depending on their score, the students then advance in levels and acquire new or further skills and privileges.
For role-playing games like these, there are online platforms that you can use as a starting point - such as Classcraft or QuesTanja. You can find a detailed report from a German teacher who has already successfully used Classcraft in his lessons here.
Even if you are not a role-play fan, you can still use popular games or game worlds that you interweave with your subject matter. A colleague, for example, used the well-known “Minecraft” in his history lesson on the Roman Empire in order to have the students recreate the Limes and the watchtower in their original size. If you are gripped by the gaming fever, you can of course also come up with your own game - and tailor it to your individual needs.
Clearly: Gamification definitely means extra work in your preparation. How gripping and entertaining the game actually becomes also depends on your commitment as the game master. If you're enthusiastic about it yourself, your quests and activities can really get the students going - but your new role may take a little getting used to.
In practice, it is also up to you to make the game, and especially the scoring, as fair as possible. The fact that only one person can have a turn to a lesson and get points for the correct answer may annoy other students - just like the group formation and the dependency on the other group members.
Working together in small groups promotes many different skills. From strategic thinking to communication and teamwork skills to self-awareness, the students practice a wide variety of areas.
The excitement, entertainment and the playful challenge also make the students highly motivated - attention and participation increase significantly and discipline also improves. The students see a concrete benefit in making an effort, and as a powerful magician or courageous warrior, even shy students find it easier to get involved and fight for points for their group. Do not only play analogue, but also promote media skills with the help of the media.
- Modern teaching
- "Creation of meaning" and motivation
- Entertainment, variety, entertaining and high fun factor
- Seizes the "play instinct" sensibly
- More involvement, attention, and more discipline
- Reward for positive behavior too, not just for performance
- Group work trains social skills
- Makes participation easier for shy students
- Promotes media literacy
- Preparation / effort
- It is necessary to precisely track the scores
- Group formation can lead to feelings of exclusion
- Dependence on other players in the group
- Awarding points can be perceived as unfair
You see They see: There are many good arguments in favor of gamification in your teaching too. Dare to do it - try it out!
Teaching based on competence
Competence-oriented teaching aims to equip learners with knowledge, skills and abilities as well as to raise awareness and reflect on attitudes and attitudes.
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