What is the Vickers MBT
|Vickers MBT Mk 3|
Indian Vijayanta identical to Vickers MBT Mk 1
|crew||4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)|
|Armor and armament|
|Main armament||1 × 105mm L7A1 cannon|
|Secondary armament||1 × 7.62mm machine gun (coaxial) |
1 × 12.7 mm MG (deck structure)
530 kW (720 hp)
|Top speed||50 km / h|
|Power / weight||13.3 kW / t (18 PS / t)|
The Vickers MBT is a British main battle tank from the 1960s, which was developed and produced by the armaments manufacturer Vickers without a public tender.
Table of Contents
The Vickers MBT (MBT: M.ain B.attle Tank) was originally developed as a tank for financially weak countries, which should be comparatively cheap and powerful. Many assemblies come from the Chieftain and Centurion main battle tanks. The first two prototypes of the Vickers MBT Mk 1 were produced in the early 1960s. One of these prototypes was shipped to India, the other stayed in the UK for testing. India agreed with Vickers that the tank would be manufactured in India, where it was named Vijayanta served in the Indian Army. Production started in England in 1964 and production started in India a year later, in 1965. Other buyers of the vehicle were Kuwait (1968) and Kenya (1977). The Vijayanta was withdrawn from active service by the Indian Army around 1980 and replaced by new Soviet-style tanks such as the T-72.
The design of the Vickers MBT is conventional; H. the driver sits in the front right, the fighting compartment was in the center and the engine was in the stern. For night combat, the driver could swap the corner mirror for a night vision device. Ammunition was stowed to the left of the driver. The engine compartment was equipped with a fire suppression system. The commander and gunner sat to the right of the 105mm L7A1 cannon - the commander behind the gunner. The loader sat to the left of the gun. The commander had a periscope with ten times magnification available. The gunner used a target periscope with a crosshair. The tank can be wading without preparation and is optionally equipped with an NBC protection system.
The first prototype was made in 1963, weighed 38 tons and was armed with a 105mm cannon. The top speed was 48 km / h. 70 of these main battle tanks were sold to Kuwait. India also used this tank. However, the Indian model was slightly modified and was produced in India under the name Vijayanta.
Prototype equipped with two launch ramps for the Swingfire anti-tank guided missile.
The prototype of the Mk. 3 version was completed in 1975 and hardly differed from the Mk. 1. The main difference was better performance. Series production began in 1978. A number of tanks were sold to Kenya and Nigeria. The main armament again consisted of a 105 mm cannon. The maximum speed was 50 km / h. The combat weight was 40 tons. In addition, the anti-aircraft version was Vickers Marksman developed, which was equipped with a Marksman combat turret.
- ^ Trade Register on sipri.org, accessed April 20, 2021
- ↑ Christopher F. Foss: Jane's Tank Recognition Guide, Edition 2006. United Kingdom, 2016. ISBN 978-0007183265. Pp. 96-97.
Categories:British military vehicle | Main battle tank | Vickers | Tracked vehicle
Status of information: 04/29/2021 9:27:06 AM CEST
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