Why do we need a balanced diet
Healthy Eating - Why It's So Important
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A healthy, i.e. balanced diet supports the immune system and protects the body from diseases. A healthy diet mainly includes fruits and vegetables, but also low-fat dairy products and grains.
Bad eating habits often lead to obesity or diseases such as diabetes mellitus, arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Experts believe that over 50 percent of diseases in industrialized countries are caused by unhealthy diet.
This is part of a healthy diet
This could be avoided with the right menu. The ingredients of the food are important: energy-supplying nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrates), but also micronutrients such as vitamins, minerals and trace elements as well as other non-energy-supplying substances such as secondary plant substances. The body needs the main nutrients to meet its energy requirements and to build muscles. Micronutrients play an important role in the production of cell components and hormones.
Not too many calories
The amount of food consumed is important for a healthy diet. If the energy supply is higher than the body's consumption, fat deposits are formed. It is therefore important to know the calorie and energy content of food as well as your personal calorie requirement. But the composition of the menu must also be balanced: fruit, vegetables, dairy and whole grain products, legumes as well as fish and some meat are part of it.
The glycemic index and healthy eating
In addition to main nutrients, micronutrients and calories, another approach for the correct selection of food is the so-called glycemic index (GI), i.e. the measure of the blood sugar-increasing effect of food. A low glycemic index is mainly important for diabetics. But everyone who wants to maintain their weight or even lose weight can benefit from this knowledge. Because the glycemic index is related to satiety and hunger. Aligning yourself completely to the glycamic index in your diet is not practical in everyday life, as this is influenced by many factors.
Diet errors are common
While most believe they are well informed about food and nutrition, the reality is often different. There are a number of nutritional misconceptions around, such as that salt increases blood pressure or light products make you slim. Eggs as cholesterol bombs do not have to be frowned upon either.
- Author: Christa Dahm, Dipl. Oecotrophologist, DHC, Dahm Health Communication, Hennef
- Swell: http://www.oeko.de/oekodoc/27/1999-002-de.pdf
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