Which is the smart poodle or labradoodle

These dog breeds are particularly intelligent

Measuring intelligence is difficult. Because there are many different "types" of intelligence. For example, psychologist Stanley Coren writes about the following three types of intelligence:

  • adaptive intelligence: Find out things for yourself, change / adapt behavior by yourself
  • working intelligence: follow orders
  • instinctive intelligence: innate talents

There are also other aspects such as spatial or social intelligence and, especially in humans, linguistic, musical or logical-mathematical intelligence.

Study of the intelligence of dogs

Psychologist Coren conducted a survey of dogs' intelligence in the 1990s, interviewing 199 judges of obedient dogs. In his book "The Intelligence of Dogs" (1994) he presented his results and categorized the dog breeds into different "intelligence classes". In doing so, he considered two factors:

  • How many repetitions does the dog need to learn a new command?
  • What percentage of the time does the dog obey?

Thus, Coren's study primarily encompasses the working intelligence.

The 10 Smartest Dog Breeds According to Stanley Coren

According to psychologist Stanley Coren, these are the ten most intelligent dog breeds. Since he only examined the working intelligence, they could also be called the "most obedient breeds of dogs". Coren called these ten dogs the "premier class": They learn a new command in less than five repetitions and obey in at least 95 percent of the falls.

10th place: Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog is a Working dogwho needs a lot of exercise and varied activities. He is people-oriented and playful. Due to its high intelligence, it is suitable as a guard dog. He likes to do the tasks assigned to him because he is very eager to work. However, since he is often very dominant, he needs one consistent upbringing and socialization and is not suitable for beginners.

9th place: Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is an attentive dog with a strong character and a protective instinct. This dog is not suitable for beginners. He is able to To assess situations independently and evaluate and is very intelligent. Well educated and socialized, the Rottweiler is a loyal companion and shows his affectionate side. He is called Police dog used.

8th place: Papillon

The little Papillon is a cuddly, lively and friendly family dog ​​and is considered to be very docile and intelligentwhich is why he is easy to train. He also has a fine feeling for human emotions. The papillon is very curious and loves a wide variety of games: He has a lot of fun with retrieving as well as sniffing or intelligence games.

7th place: Labrador Retriever

The popular Labrador Retriever is considered to be Multi-talent and good mood dog. He is very intelligent and eager to learn and has a great need to please his owner. Its stakes as Rescue dog, guide dog and drug sniffer dog show how versatile and intelligent this breed of dog is.

6th place: Shetland Sheepdog

The Shetland Sheepdog is one willing to learn, intelligent, good-natured and friendly Dog breed. The Shelties originally used as herding dogs learn very quickly and happily. You need and want to take long walks in nature every day mentally challenged become. Training as a therapy or rescue dog is also possible with the Shetland Sheepdog.

5th place: Doberman Pinscher

The Doberman Pinscher is characterized by a quick comprehension and willingness to learn off and therefore must have both mentally and physically challenged become. His focus on people and his need to cuddle can only fully develop if these needs are met. The vigilant and spirited dogs are also used by the police and the armed forces.

4th place: Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is a spirited bundle of energy that has both a lot mental occupation as well as physical exercise needs to be happy. He applies by his adaptability as a good family dog ​​and is very people-oriented. The dogs respond strongly to voice and body language and can be brought up playfully and lovingly, with a mixture of humor and consistency.

3rd place: German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is a very smart and willing to learn and work dogwho - with the right upbringing - will be an obedient and faithful companion for life. His intelligence shows in his missions as Shepherd, police and military dog. A German Shepherd needs a lot of mental and physical activity and an assertive holder who educates him with love and consistency.

2nd place: poodle

Poodles are among the most intelligent breeds of dogs because they are smart, eager to learn, adaptable, empathetic and very versatile. They respond well to human training and are very easy to obey commands. Because of their ability to learn, poodles have long been popular Circus dogs. Poodles are people-oriented and affectionate and do everything to please "their" people.

1st place: Border Collie

The Border Collie is considered the "Einstein" among dogs. He learns so quickly and needs so much physical and mental occupationthat it is not suitable for novice dogs. Its upbringing and training takes a lot Sure instinct, because once the Border Collie has internalized a behavior, it is difficult to train it off again. The border collie became the Herding sheep bred and does this job well and gladly.

These ten dog breeds are sometimes very different, but also share many characteristics. It becomes clear that the dog breeds classified according to working intelligence also have characteristics that speak in favor of adaptive or instinctive intelligence: Wise, for example Empathy, adaptability and the fulfillment of tasks in herding, guard or rescue dogs, it also indicates a high level of intelligence.

It also becomes clear: dogs are not very intelligent and willing to learn are not a nice "extra", but rather a character trait that obliges the owner to encourage and employ his dog accordingly, otherwise the dog will not be happy.

Less intelligent dog breeds?

In addition to the ten very intelligent dog breeds presented, which psychologist Stanley Coren described as the "premier class", he has classified other dog breeds:

  • Second grade: excellent working dogs who tend to learn new commands in five to 15 prompts and obey 85 percent of all cases.

Examples for this class: Miniature Schnauzer, Collie, Cocker Spaniel, Weimaraner, Bernese Mountain Dog, Miniature Spitz

  • Third grade: Above average working dogs who have a tendency to learn a new command in 15-25 repetitions and obey 70 percent of the time.

Examples for this class: Yorkshire Terriers, Newfoundlands, Irish Setters, Affenpinschers, Dalmatians

  • Fourth grade: average working dogs who have a tendency to learn a new trick after 25 to 40 tries and obey at least 50 percent of the time.

Examples for this class: Irish Wolfhound, Australian Shepherd, Saluki, Siberian Husky, Boxer, Great Dane

  • Fifth grade: fair working dogs who have a tendency to learn a new command 40 to 80 repetitions and who obey 40 percent of the time.

Examples for this class: Pug, French Bulldog, Lakeland Terrier, St. Bernard, Chihuahua

  • Sixth grade: the least effective dogs who learn a new trick after more than 100 repetitions and obey about 30 percent of the time.

Examples for this class: Mastiff, beagle, chow chow, bulldog, afghan hound

Regardless of the class, these are just general classifications. Of course, every dog ​​is individual and therefore the intelligence can vary from dog to dog.

Working intelligence was in the foreground in these classifications. It does not therefore mean that the dogs classified as less intelligent according to Coren are "stupid" or simply knitted. Because just because a dog does not (always) follow human commands does not mean that it is "unintelligent". Animal behavior expert Frans de Waal, for example, defended the Afghan Hound, which came last at Coren: It is not simply knitted, but rather "Freedom thinker"who doesn't like to follow orders. This breed of dog is perhaps more like cats that don't like to obey.