What is Yangon Province

Welcome to the website of the Federal Foreign Office

info

Situations can change and develop quickly. We recommend you:
- Track news and weather reports
- Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance
- Subscribe to our newsletter or use our "Safe Travel" app
- Follow us on Twitter: AA_SicherReisen
- Register in our crisis prevention list

Current

There are currently warnings against traveling to Myanmar.

German nationals on site are requested to use commercial means to leave the country soon.

State of emergency, protest actions

On February 1, 2021, senior members of civil government and civil society across the country were arrested by the military. The military has taken power and ordered a state of emergency. Internet and occasionally telephone connections are substantially disrupted. Demonstrations and protests continue to take place in Yangon (Rangoon), Mandalay and many other locations, and the security forces deal with them with cruel violence. Public life including banking, transportation and medical care are severely affected.
The military declared martial law in six districts of Yangon and parts of Mandalay on March 15, 2021. There are nightly curfews (8:00 p.m. to 4:00 a.m.) in many cities and regions, including in Yangon, and groups of more than five people are prohibited from gathering.
A movement of civil disobedience is receiving great support. A further increase in the use of force by the security forces and growing unpredictability of the security situation cannot be ruled out.

The international airport in Yangon (Yangon) is open for humanitarian flights as well as cargo flights. According to the information available, it is basically still possible to travel with various airlines to Kuala Lumpur and Singapore, and occasionally to Bangkok or Seoul with onward flights to Europe. These flights can be booked commercially. Delays in booking and short-term flight cancellations or postponements must be expected.

  • German nationals are requested to take advantage of the possibilities for an early commercial departure with flights, as long as these are still available and bookable.
  • Find a safe place and stay at home if you are still there.
  • Avoid districts where martial law has been declared, demonstrations and other crowds of people.
  • Find out about the local and international media.
  • Adhere to curfews and no-gatherings.

COVID-19

The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.

Epidemiological situation

Myanmar is affected by COVID-19. Regional focuses are the urban areas of Rangoon and Mandalay.
The Ministry of Health and Sport and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.

entry

Entry for foreigners to Myanmar is currently only possible in exceptional cases after a decision by the Myanmar authorities on a case-by-case basis. Entry visas will only be issued in urgent exceptional cases until further notice. The responsible Myanmar diplomatic mission abroad can provide more information. Upon entry, a negative PCR test, which must not be older than 72 hours, must be presented and a quarantine of at least 14 days must be completed.

Transit and onward travel

Departure and onward travel are currently only possible to a very limited extent due to the lack of flight connections and closed borders.

Travel connections

International commercial air traffic is suspended until at least May 31, 2021. Domestic flights are possible to a limited extent. It is possible to leave the country by international air traffic, but there are very few flight connections that are special flights, mostly of the airlines Myanmar Airlines International, Singapore Airlines or ANA, which can be booked freely through the airlines or travel agencies.
Border crossings to India that can be reached by land are closed to passenger traffic. At other border crossings, only nationals of the respective neighboring countries can cross the border.

Restrictions in the country

The lockdown in the urban area of ​​Yangon has been lifted. Restaurants, shops, banks and offices are allowed to reopen. Large events and gatherings are prohibited, many urban parks and recreational areas are closed. The Ministry of Health and Sport publishes more information.

The continued use of force by the security forces and the increasing unpredictability of the security situation must continue to be expected.

Passenger travel in the country between the provinces is severely restricted and should not be made by land for safety reasons.

Hygiene rules

When moving in public spaces, mouth and nose protection must be worn. Distance rules are to be observed.

  • In the case of urgent exceptional situations ("compelling reason"), please contact the responsible Myanmar diplomatic mission abroad about entry options.
  • When planning your trip, take into account that there may currently be an increasing number of short-term flight cancellations or postponements.
  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
  • Find out about detailed measures and additional information from the Myanmar government.
  • The National Health Laboratory is responsible for COVID-19 symptoms or contact with infected people.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the responsible company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

Safety - travel warning

There are currently warnings against traveling to Myanmar.

German nationals on site are requested to use commercial means to leave the country soon.

terrorism

Politically motivated acts of violence cannot be ruled out. Blast attacks are repeatedly carried out in Myanmar, which also lead to deaths and injuries.

Domestic situation

On February 1, 2021, senior members of civil government and civil society across the country were arrested by the military. The military has taken power and ordered a state of emergency. Internet and occasionally telephone connections are substantially disrupted. Martial law applies in several districts of Yangon and Mandalay.

In parts of Kachin State and northern Shan State, armed conflicts between rebel armies and the Myanmar military continue, which also result in deaths. Many people are on the run, and some of the border crossings to China have been closed.

The situation remains tense in some border regions where armed rebel groups operate (parts of Chin State and Sagaing Region, parts of Shan, Mon, Kayin, Karen and Kayah States). In mid-August 2019, coordinated attacks in Pyin Oo Lwin in the Mandalay region and in Naung Cho (Nawnghkio) in the northern part of the Shan resulted in casualties and significant damage, including a large bridge. Particular caution is required here. Unmarked minefields pose an additional hazard.

There are repeated clashes between the security forces and armed groups in Rakhine State. In the city of Mrauk-U and the surrounding communities in particular, fighting has been increasing since the beginning of 2019. The tourist cities of Ngapali and Sittwe are currently not affected. However, there are curfews in some parts of Rakhine. Staying in the border regions is only permitted with special permission.

  • German nationals are requested to take advantage of opportunities to leave the country, as long as commercial flights are still available and bookable.
  • Find a safe place while you are still there.
  • Avoid districts where martial law has been declared, demonstrations and other crowds of people.
  • Find out about the local and international media.

crime

The risk of falling victim to violent crime is low in Myanmar. Petty crimes such as pickpockets do occur, but the country is also considered to be quite safe in comparison with Southeast Asia.

  • Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
  • Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
  • Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations and on public transport and watch out for your valuables.
  • Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.

Nature and climate

Myanmar is in a seismically active zone where earthquakes can be expected.

The climate is tropical or subtropical in the north with high humidity all year round.
Cyclones occur in the coastal regions during the monsoons from May to October, which often trigger floods and landslides and make evacuations necessary.

  • Keep track of weather reports on a regular basis.
  • In the event of a storm warning, please note the information on hurricanes abroad.
  • Always observe prohibitions, information signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
  • Familiarize yourself with behavioral guidelines for earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. These are provided by the fact sheets of the German Research Center for Geosciences.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

There is a domestic airline network, railways, bus services and taxis. The safety of civil air traffic within Myanmar can in individual cases be impaired by outdated or poorly maintained aircraft belonging to local airlines.

Please note that passport controls can also take place on domestic flights.

Transport links across the country can be disrupted during the monsoons. In particular, country roads in the mountains or near rivers, but also rail connections, can be impassable for days.

The poor road conditions and the unpredictable behavior of many road users create a considerable risk of accidents, which is increased in the dark.

Roadblocks by the police, the military and other authorities are the order of the day on the highways.

Hotels and guest houses must provide the police with the passport details of their overnight guests. Travelers are therefore obliged to keep their passport with them at all times. Also make a passport copy and keep it separate from the original.

Driving license

German and international driving licenses are not recognized in Myanmar.

Special instructions on how to behave

Myanmar is a predominantly Buddhist country. Religious rituals and ceremonies have a major impact on everyday life and must not be disturbed. Travelers should adapt their behavior and clothing to local customs and religious sensibilities.

LGBTIQ

Homosexuality is not explicitly mentioned in Myanmar criminal law, but "unnatural offenses" can be prosecuted and lead to imprisonment up to life imprisonment. Actual convictions have not yet become known, especially since Buddhist culture shows a certain tolerance towards discreet homosexual relationships. A more open approach to homosexuality can be seen, for example, in recent photo exhibitions in Rangoon, but otherwise not possible in Myanmar at the moment.

Legal specifics

Criticism of the government has been a criminal offense since the military came to power, and foreign visitors can still expect to be monitored. This also applies to statements on social media. Political activity is prohibited. Foreign nationals have already been detained and / or expelled several times for violating these provisions. Long prison sentences were imposed in individual cases.

Military facilities, uniformed persons and strategically important infrastructure facilities such as bridges may not be photographed.

The use of drones, even at vacation spots, without special permission from the Myanmar authorities is prohibited and can lead to the seizure of the drones and arrest and prosecution. In particular, use at or via military and government authorities as well as religious sites and tourist locations is prohibited.

Possession of even small amounts of drugs, including so-called “soft drugs”, is punishable by long prison terms, and in particularly serious cases the death penalty can be imposed.

Myanmar ideas about sexual morality differ significantly from those in Europe or other countries in the region. Prostitution and possession of pornographic material is a criminal offense.

Sexual abuse of children faces long prison sentences. In addition, such crimes are also prosecuted in Germany.

Money / credit cards

The local currency is the kyat (MMK). In exceptional cases, certain services (including hotels, domestic flights, train and boat tickets, entrance fees) can only be paid for in US dollars by travelers.

Credit cards are increasingly recognized, but sometimes with high fees. Cash withdrawals with debit or credit cards are possible at numerous ATMs across the country. Be prepared to continue to have to make many payments in cash, so bring enough cash with you, preferably in US dollars. Worn, damaged, badly kinked, older, or soiled US dollar bills will not be accepted. It is recommended that you only carry new, undamaged and smooth dollar bills with you.

New euro notes are increasingly being accepted for exchange in Rangoon. The exchange of money should take place in the exchange offices. Exchanges at street vendors are strongly discouraged.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • Passport: Yes
  • Temporary passport: Yes
  • Identity card: No
  • Provisional identity card: No
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
At the time of entry, travel documents must be valid for at least six months beyond the intended departure date.

Please make sure that your entry is recorded and that you receive an entry stamp, especially when entering by land. Otherwise there may be problems with the departure or with measures to terminate your stay

visa

Please refer Current

Visa before entry

Please refer Current

e-Visa

The "e-Visa" procedure is currently suspended due to the spread of the respiratory disease COVID-19.

Visa on entry ("on arrival")

The “Visa on arrival” procedure is currently suspended due to the spread of the respiratory disease COVID-19.

Minors

There are no known special regulations for the entry of minors.

Import regulations

The import and export of foreign currency is permitted in unlimited amounts; However, foreign visitors must declare amounts in excess of the equivalent of US $ 10,000 (total). The import and export of the local currency, the kyat, is not permitted.

Portable computers (e.g. laptops or notebooks) and cell phones can be imported without prior authorization. The import and operation of satellite telephones as well as drones require the prior approval of the Myanmar Post & Telecommunications Department.

There are import bans, among other things. for weapons, pornographic material, playing cards and objects showing the state flag of Myanmar and / or the image of the Buddha or Myanmar pagodas.The images of Myanmar sights (Buddhas, pagodas) on travel guides are harmless.

The export of antiques is strictly prohibited. Violations can lead to immediate arrest and several months in detention. The export of precious stones (both uncut, cut and / or set), jewelry and silver is only permitted on presentation of the purchase receipt from a state-approved dealer.

Pets

When importing dogs and cats, a rabies vaccination and a medical certificate from the exporting country in English, in which the health of the animal is certified, are required. The European pet passport, which certifies the complete vaccination of the animal, facilitates the import. Quarantine has not yet been required.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.

In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.

  • As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.

Vaccination protection

No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area or staying more than twelve hours in transit through a yellow fever area, all persons over the age of one year must provide evidence of a yellow fever vaccination.

All travelers under four weeks of travel time should have complete vaccination against poliomyelitis (polio) with booster vaccinations every ten years. For residents and long-term travelers over four weeks, according to the WHO, vaccination should be ensured four weeks to 12 months before departure, see information sheet on poliomyelitis. It is currently not known to carry out checks on the vaccination status upon departure from Myanmar.

  • Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
  • Vaccinations against hepatitis A and polio are recommended as travel vaccinations, and hepatitis B, rabies, typhoid and Japanese encephalitis are recommended for long-term stays or special exposure.
  • Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
  • The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.

Zika virus infection

The predominantly diurnal AedesMosquito-borne infection with Zika viruses can lead to malformations in children during pregnancy and neurological complications in adults.

Dengue fever

Dengue viruses become diurnal, especially during the rainy periods, across the country Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. Urban areas are often badly affected. The disease is usually accompanied by fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see information sheet on dengue fever.

  • To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.

Chikungunya fever

Chikungunya viruses are diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is characterized by a high fever and possibly prolonged joint and muscle pain. The symptoms can often not be clearly distinguished from other mosquito-borne diseases. Chikungunya fever does not always heal without consequences, and there are seldom long-term rheumatoid-like symptoms. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy, see leaflet Chikungunya fever.

  • To avoid Chikungunya fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.

malaria

Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anophelesMosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous one in particular is Malaria tropica often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.

  • If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see the doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.

There is a risk of malaria all year round in Myanmar. There is a high risk in the northern third between India and China as well as in the western region from the border with Bangladesh to Sandoway and the eastern region on the border with Thailand. There is a low risk in the north, northeast and northwest as well as in the south along the border with Thailand and a minimal risk in the central regions and at altitudes above 1,000m. Rangoon and Mandalay are considered malaria-free, see Standing Committee on Travel Medicine (StAR) of the DTG.

To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:

  • Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
  • Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) and in the evening and at night (malaria).
  • If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.

Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) is also useful. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.

  • Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
  • It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.

HIV / AIDS

There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.

  • Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.

Diarrheal diseases

Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, most diarrheal diseases can be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:

  • Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
  • If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you're out and about.
  • If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
  • Cook or peel food yourself.
  • Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
  • Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
  • If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.

Japanese encephalitis