How were vacuum cleaners invented

The history of the vacuum cleaner

Published by Olaf8. October 2016 Keywords: General Advice

The history of the vacuum cleaner began around the mid-1800s in the state of Iowa. It was there that the inventors Mc Gaffey and Daniel Hess developed the first vacuum cleaner. However, Melville Bissel registered the patent for the first vacuum cleaner in 1876. The first vacuum cleaner didn't pull in the dirt, however, but instead blew the dust off the carpets. The first vacuum cleaner was mounted on a horse cart and was transported from house to house. The house was then blown out using a long hose. At that time, the pump for the "vacuum cleaner" was still operated by hand and was reserved for wealthier people. Since a lot of dust was being blown up here, the inventor Hubert Cecil Booth considered in early 1900 that it would make more sense to vacuum up the dust. He patented his invention in England, but his idea was unsuccessful.

The first vacuum cleaner

It was not until 1906 that Mr. James Murray Spangler made a vacuum cleaner out of a fan, a pillow and a box, even then with a rotating brush that loosened the dirt.

Spangler had this invention patented in 1908 and sold his idea to today's Hoover company.

The history of the vacuum cleaner in Germany began two years later, namely in 1912. This was developed by Axel Wenner-Gren.

At that time there was one main device, which was connected to all rooms by hose lines. However, this vacuum cleaner was still very expensive at the time, so that only rich people could afford this luxury. For the less well-off people there were still the mobile vacuum cleaners, where the hose was inserted through the window and cleaned the carpets and upholstery of the houses.

Transportable devices

It was not until 1950 that portable devices became widespread, and over the years they became more and more affordable.

The first small, battery-operated handheld vacuum cleaners came onto the market in the 1980s. However, these were heavy, weak and unwieldy. Cleaning corners with these devices was almost impossible.

The history of the vacuum cleaner also made other household appliance manufacturers sit up and take notice. These followed and in the course of time a whole range of different suction devices were developed. At first it was only the battery-powered handheld vacuum cleaner, but a vacuum cleaner on castors followed pretty quickly. With this it was, of course, much more handy and easier to clean the apartment.

How the cylinder vacuum cleaner works

The principle of how the cylinder vacuum cleaner works has always remained the same. In the housing of the vacuum cleaner there is a motor that generates a negative pressure by means of a fan. With the help of this pressure, dust and dirt are sucked into the vacuum cleaner. Now the dirt particles get into the dust bag, which is located in the housing of the device and can be replaced. The exhaust air is cleaned of dirt and dust particles by one or more filters and blown out of the vacuum cleaner again. In principle it is very simple, but a whole range of highly developed technology is integrated into this mechanism. If this were not the case, we would be permanently standing in a huge layer of dust while vacuuming. Powerful motors and sophisticated filter technologies ensure that the exhaust air is getting cleaner and that the air is now guaranteed to be up to 99.5 percent clean. No more chance for dust, dirt, pollen and allergens. However, there are really big differences from manufacturer to manufacturer and from device to device.

The bagless vacuum cleaner

But the story of the vacuum cleaner is far from over. While the bag vacuum cleaner still dominated almost all households until a few years ago, the bagless vacuum cleaner became another milestone in the history of the vacuum cleaner. This ingenious invention by British engineer James Dyson in 1993 integrated cyclone technology into a vacuum cleaner. This was the birth of the Dyson company in Great Britain. Today one of the largest market leaders when it comes to bagless vacuum cleaning.

Above all, the bagless vacuum cleaner has the great advantage that buying the overpriced vacuum cleaner bags is an end. If you think about the fact that the production costs of a vacuum cleaner bag are around 10 to 20 cents and that they are around 3-5 euros for sale to the end user, that is a big saving over the year. And if you now consider that there are over 1200 different types of bags in Germany (in Spain there are approx. 5 different types of bags) then it is no wonder that finding the right bag is a challenge.

But there are other advantages to the bagless vacuum cleaner

  1. Thanks to the special technology of a cyclone vacuum, the sucked in dust and other dirt particles are reliably extracted from the air and collected in the collecting container
  2. There is no loss of suction power due to filling bags. Because the bag vacuum cleaner loses its suction power the more the vacuum cleaner bag fills up
  3. The filter technology of the cyclone technology works perfectly even for allergy sufferers. Especially with the multi-cyclone vacuum cleaner (this has significantly more and mostly smaller cyclones than the single cyclone vacuum cleaner)
  4. There are no odor problems due to the bagless vacuuming. Because the unpleasant smells of a bag vacuum cleaner come from the dust bag. Bacteria and fungi form here over time, which can multiply rapidly in the dust bag. Changing the dust bag every day would help, but it would be a very expensive undertaking.
  5. Easy cleaning of the collecting container. Emptying and washing out should be enough.
  6. Easy handling of the device. The cyclone vacuums are very light and therefore easy to steer and control.
  7. Cyclone vacuums are much more environmentally friendly due to the small amount of waste. The cyclone vacuum cleaners also score highly in terms of power consumption. Because thanks to its ingenious technology, the cyclone vacuum cleaner requires less energy.

But the story of the vacuum cleaner does not end here either

The vacuum robot or vacuum cleaner robot

The first vacuum robot was launched on the market in the late 1990s. This was the first household helper who did work independently. The sales of vacuum robots have already doubled from 2007 to 2008. And so the sales of the vacuum robots increase from year to year.

Robot vacuum cleaners mainly come from Europe, Asia and the USA. The best-known manufacturers are iRobot, Kärcher, Neato, Samsung and EcoVacs. Almost all manufacturers are now involved in the development and sale of vacuum robots. But there are huge differences in price and technology. The price range is between approx. € 100 and well over € 1000. However, if you are in the middle price segment, you will find some very good devices here. However, it is always worth making a comparison.

But for whom is the vacuum robot worthwhile?

Having a vacuum robot in use in the household is a great relief. Therefore, the purchase of a robot vacuum is worthwhile for everyone, because who does not want to be relieved of this annoying household chore? Such a device can quickly pay for itself, especially for working people who travel a lot. But also for older people or physically disabled people who can no longer really handle a normal cylinder vacuum cleaner, the vacuum robot is a perfect alternative.

The advantages of the vacuum robot

  1. The robot vacuum saves time and vacuums independently, even when you are not in the house. It scans the floor area according to a special pattern and, when the work is done, automatically returns to its charging station.
  2. The small and compact design of the vacuum robot is another plus point. Since these are very flat (approx. 8cm), the device also goes under beds, cupboards and other furniture where a normal cylinder vacuum cleaner can no longer get under.
  3. The robot hoover is available in all shapes and colors. Since the vacuum robot is in its charging station in the room, optics naturally also play a major role for many. Its stylish and futuristic looks are a great advantage here.
  4. Since the robot vacuum cleaner consumes significantly less electricity than a conventional vacuum cleaner, you save electricity costs. Most robots are operated without a bag, which saves the running costs of buying new bags.
  5. The operation of a dust robot is very easy. With most vacuum cleaners you can choose between different cleaning programs. Some can be programmed to specify the times when vacuuming should take place. And others have a remote control to send the vacuum cleaner specifically over dirty surfaces.
  6. Allergy sufferers and pet owners will be happy. Because the daily removal of pollen, allergens and animal hair no longer has to be done by yourself. However, you should pay attention to a good HEPA filter that cleans the escaping air of fine dust particles.