What is the capital of Mexico

Mexico City

Mexico City is vibrant, cosmopolitan, stuffy, criminal, rich and poor alike, modern, busy, lively, cultural or invigorating.

The capital of Mexico, Mexico City (also called Mexico City or México D.F. or Ciudad de México) is located in the center of the country at an altitude of about 2,200 m in a basin, surrounded by gigantic mountain ranges. The metropolis itself has almost nine million inhabitants, the entire metropolitan region around 28 million. This makes it one of the largest agglomerations on earth. The metropolitan area forms its own federal state, the Distrito Federal (D.F.). Today the city is growing more through immigration than through births. Many families also emigrate to protect their health. This is happening slowly, however, so Mexico City is sure to be one of the most populous cities on earth for a few years to come.

A mix of old and new cultures

Mexico City is still considered the "sun of Mexico" and is therefore a must for every trip to Mexico! Like all Latin American capitals, Mexico City is the country's economic, political, social and cultural center. This is where the different cultures of the region from the past and the present come together. It is also the main traffic junction and, with numerous universities and colleges, the educational center of the country. It is a mega-city that is almost bursting at the seams and yet every “colonia” has its own peculiarities, like a small village.

You will see that it is worth spending several days in Mexico's capital to experience the great cultural diversity of this unique city.

Highlights & sights in Mexico City

The Zócalo

The Zócalo, like the one here Main square ("Plaza de la Constitución")is called, forms the center of the historical center. It is the second largest square in the world and is surrounded by important buildings. Among them is z. B. the cathedral, in which services are held at all times, but which has to fight more and more against the sinking of its foundation walls, but also the national palace or the presidential palace. Also known and worth seeing is the beautiful Murales, a wall painting in public space, on the Mexican story of Diego Riveras. Here you will also find the excavation site and the associated museum of the "Templo Mayor" with the remains of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán. It was destroyed by the Spaniards and it wasn't until 1978 that the ruins were rediscovered by accident. This place is also known as the place of the three cultures: ruins of Tenochtitlán, a monastery from the colonial era and high-rise buildings from the modern era. The Centro Histórico has been declared a World Heritage Site and work is carried out daily to improve and preserve it.

The Anthropological Museum

This is also located very close to the square Anthropological Museum, an absolute highlight of the city. Connoisseurs call it one of the most beautiful and perfect in the world. The Museo Nacional de Antropología houses twelve beautifully designed halls in which, thanks to a large number of well-preserved objects and relics of pre-Columbian cultures, one is familiarized with the fascinating history of Mexico and the everyday life of the remaining Indian tribes.

Art and culture in Mexico City

In Mexico City you can see the special art of Mexican murals in or on numerous buildings: In the first monastery on the American continent (Iglesia y Hospital de Jesús nazareno), in the Jesuit college (Museo Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso), in the former Secretará monastery de Educación Pública or in the famous Palace of Fine Arts.

The many different ones are also interesting Museums. These include For example, the City Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the National Art Museum, the former home of Frida Kahlo, the Museo Mural Diego Rivera, the Caricature Museum, the new, nationwide Folklore Museum and the Rufino Tamayo Museum.

Also well worth seeing is the tallest building in Latin America, the Torre Mayor, the Inquisition Palace and the old customs house with a museum about Mexican medicine or the Iglesia Santo Domingo. From the Torre Latinoamericano you have a unique view up to the volcanoes Popocatépetl and Ixtaccíhuatl. That is also a detour Plaza Garibaldi worth listening to mariachi music every evening. It is nice to stroll along the Main street "Avenida Francisco Madero" to experience a little journey through the different architectural styles. On the Boulevard "Paseo de la Reforma" you pass monuments of famous people as well as the last Aztec ruler "Cuauhtémoc" and the independence monument "El Angel". To enjoy the city's cultural life, one goes to the Parque Alameda.

Relaxation can be found in the "Chapultepec Park" (Locust Hill), the "green lung" of Mexico City. There is a zoo, a lake and museums such as B. the Anthropological Museum or the National Museum of History in Castle "Castillo de Chapultepec". You can do that in the vicinity World cultural heritage "Casa Luis Barragán", the architect's masterpiece.

In the north of the city is the district Tlatelolcowhich used to be an important market town for the Aztecs. This is also where the "Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadelupe" on the Tepeyac mountainwhere the Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to the indigenous Juan Diego in 1531. On 12.12. Thousands of Mexicans make a pilgrimage here and celebrate this apparition. You can also visit the former Olympic city and experience a bullfight in the largest bullring in the world.

in the Coyoacan student district is home to the largest university in Latin America, which was even declared a World Heritage Site in 2007. The quarter exudes a particularly cultural ambience with its book and art shops and museums. In the south of Mexico City is the Cuicuilco archaeological site with an imposing round pyramid. Much more interesting are the waterways that are located here "Floating gardens of Xochimilco" with their typical, colorful, flower-decorated boats. You can also get fresh fruit and vegetables here. This is a very popular destination on weekends.

In addition, you will find numerous cultural, music, dance and sports offers in the capital of Mexico - both to watch and to do yourself.

Mexico City Hotels

The situation is similar with the range of hotels. Here, too, the palette ranges from simple hostels to middle-class hotels to luxury-class hotels. You can find every form of comfort, all possible price ranges and therefore something for every taste. As in other capitals, the prices are generally a bit higher here, even more extreme during peak travel times. You should avoid staying in shady neighborhoods.

Food in Mexico City

As a mega-city, the city also has a lot to offer in terms of gastronomy. From simple street vendors on Calle Moneda and other streets or markets, to simple restaurants and upscale establishments. In addition to Mexican cuisine from the various regions of the country, you can also find international cuisine. They are popular in the city "Antojitos", small snacks for in between that you can get anywhere. The most famous areas with restaurants and bars are the Zona Rosa and the Roma and Condesa areas.

Local transport in Mexico City

thanks to the four bus terminals, the big one international airport as well as various Car rental companies, you have the best prerequisites for entering and leaving the country via Mexico City or to reach numerous places within Mexico. You can get around the metropolis using all possible means of transport. There is a Subway, the Metrobús, numerous buses and Taxis. However, you should only use the latter from fixed stops or request them by telephone. If you are going on foot, you should be very careful and pay special attention to the traffic, including at green traffic lights.

Problems of a big city like Mexico City

Unfortunately, such a metropolis as Mexico City also has to struggle with major problems. The city has so far been one of the dirtiest and most dangerous cities in the world. A huge one hangs over Mexico City Smog bell. The reason for this is of course the millions of cars that run every day, but also the numerous large industrial plants. The city government is now increasingly trying to combat this by preventing cars from entering the city once a week, depending on the license plate, and by declaring Sunday to be a car-free day in the city center. There are other serious problems with the care of the people.

The marshland on which Mexico City was built continues to dry up, the The water table is sinking and millions of people are poorly supplied with water. There is also a shortage of electricity. The standard of living is also extremely low in some areas. These problems primarily affect the many poor who have settled in and around Mexico City in the hope of a better life. The poverty is very big in the city. It creates a enormous gap between rich and poor.

This poverty, the sometimes poor living conditions of some residents and the hope for a better, but above all more prosperous life, induce many to do so crime. As in all other large cities, there is an enormous rate of pickpockets and minor violent crimes in Mexico City. Higher level violence also occurs. Mexico City has long been considered the most dangerous city in the world. Tourists rarely notice this, however. As long as you adhere to certain rules of conduct and B. Avoid certain shady neighborhoods, you are on the safe side. You have to be on the lookout for pickpockets everywhere else. However, it would be a shame if you didn't spend time in one of the most interesting cities on earth for this reason. because in the meantime, however, the security situation has greatly improved. The metropolis also wants to escape the reputation of the dirtiest city in the world and is doing a lot to achieve this.

History of Mexico City

Even before the Spanish conquest, the capital of Mexico was exactly where we find Mexico City today: Tenochtitlán, the center of life of the Aztec Empire. It was built on the dry Texcoco Lake. This makes it one of the oldest cities in the New World. There is still a lot to see from the history as well as previous and resulting cultures. As a traveler, you can spend weeks visiting museums, monuments, sanctuaries, magnificent buildings and archaeological sites.

Discover Mexico City on the most beautiful Mexico tours!