How is a visit to Cambodia

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Current

The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.

Von unnecessary, tourist tripsto Cambodia will currently due to ongoing entry restrictions advised against.

Epidemiological situation

The number of infections in Cambodia has recently increased.
The national Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.

entry

It is currently not possible for tourists to enter Cambodia. Travelers, who still have a valid Cambodian visa, entry is permitted.
All land borders with Thailand, Vietnam and Laos are closed until further notice.

Visas are currently being issued by the Cambodian embassies. No “Visa on arrival” or visas for tourist purposes are issued. Visas for business trips (Type E "Business Visa") can be applied for electronically.
Foreigners traveling to Cambodia must present a negative PCR test from a state-recognized institution upon entry, which must not be older than 72 hours before departure. In addition, proof of health insurance, which also covers COVID-19 treatment and includes a minimum insurance amount of US $ 50,000, must be presented. Both documents should be written in English.
Upon arrival in Cambodia, all travelers must undergo a PCR test. A 14-day quarantine in a state facility is then mandatory. The cost of the PCR test as well as any treatment and accommodation must be borne by the traveler. For this purpose, a deposit of US $ 2,000 in cash is required upon entry. According to a statement from the Cambodian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance, US $ 165 must be paid for a PCR test and up to US $ 2,000 for possible treatment or quarantine accommodation.

Travel connections

Air traffic between Cambodia and Europe takes place to a lesser extent, for example via Singapore and Seoul. Flights can be postponed or canceled at very short notice.

For some transit points there is a need to submit a negative COVID-19 test for transit. The operating airline can provide further information.
Experience has shown that it is currently not possible to fly via Bangkok, even if Internet portals offer this connection.

Restrictions in the country

There is a curfew from 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. in various provinces, including Phnom Penh and Siem Reap. Only essential journeys (e.g. for medical treatment) are allowed. The province of Sihanoukville including the offshore islands is in lockdown. It is not possible to leave the province.

By order of the government, the cities of Phnom Penh and Ta Khmao have initially imposed a lockdown until May 5, 2021. The apartment must not be left. Delivery services continue to work. Shops and hotels are open. Restaurants, bars and other entertainment venues are closed. The sale of alcohol is prohibited.

The orders of the authorities must be followed. In the event of non-compliance and violation of quarantine regulations, there is a risk of high fines and imprisonment. Changes, in particular tightening, of the applicable regulations can be made nationwide at short notice.

Hygiene rules

When entering shops, hotels, shopping centers and public facilities, the check-in must be carried out with the QR code "StopCovid". Fever measurement and hand hygiene are also provided. In practice, operators do not adhere to it everywhere.

  • In the case of absolutely necessary trips, inquire with your tour operator or airline shortly before you start to see whether your flight is actually taking place.
  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the responsible company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

security

terrorism

Domestic situation

There is still a risk of unrest and protests in the capital, Phnom Penh. In the past, rallies and demonstrations led to isolated outbreaks of violence and traffic obstructions.

Difficulties can arise when crossing the Cambodian-Laotian border, which can be attributed to tensions in connection with discussions on the border between the two countries.

The territorial conflict between Cambodia and Thailand regarding the border around the area surrounding the Preah Vihear temple has been resolved; relations between the two countries have improved. A further tightening of the security situation in Preah Vihear is possible at any time. The Suay Chrom border crossing in Preah Vihear Province is only passable for Thai and Cambodian nationals.

In some parts of the country outside the metropolitan areas, especially near the border with Thailand and Vietnam, there is still a risk of mines. The main tourist areas have been cleared of mines.

  • Before traveling to Preah Vihear, find out about the specific situation on site at short notice and be particularly careful there.
  • Do not leave the marked paths of the temple complexes.
  • For safety on the Lao side, please read the travel and safety information for Laos.
  • For the situation on the Thai side, see the travel and safety information Thailand.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.

crime

In the tourist centers, especially in Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville and Kampot, an increase in physical attacks and robberies against foreigners can be observed, in some cases with the use of knives and / or firearms. In Phnom Penh, this mainly affects the tourist and residential areas for foreigners, including the area around the banks of the Tonle Sap ("Riverside") and Boeng Keng Kang 1 (BKK1).
In Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville there have also been reports of significant increases in thefts from inns and hotels.

Lately, a few foreign women have been victims of sexual assault, especially during lonely night walks on the beach in the seaside resort of Sihanoukville.

When driving with motorcycle taxis and tuktuks, but also on foot, it is to be expected that bags will be torn away or cut off by passing motorcyclists (“bag snatching”), also on the way to and from the airport. Injuries are accepted approvingly.

In Phnom Penh, foreign tourists are increasingly being approached under various pretexts, e.g. with information about a meeting at the airport or about close relatives who will soon be studying or working in Europe, and invited to private houses in order to involve them in fake card or gambling games and ultimately to induce the payment of alleged gambling debts under threats.
It cannot be ruled out that drugs may be added to food or drinks.
Incidentally, various forms of trickery are widespread, especially in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap.

Lately, travelers have fallen victim to frauds in which motorbikes and scooters renters have claimed damages for alleged damage to the rental property. Landlords try to withhold passports and inform immigration authorities to prevent travelers from leaving.

  • Be especially careful if you are traveling alone.
  • Take only the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
  • If possible, avoid being alone at night and organize your return trip to your accommodation in advance.
  • Do not carry hand and shoulder bags with you in the tuktuk or motorcycle, keep bags on the side facing away from the road.
  • Better to use closed means of transport for trips to the airport.
  • Do not resist attacks.
  • Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe. It is sufficient to have a copy (if possible, a color copy) of the passport with you.
  • Be very careful with private invitations and be skeptical.
  • Do not leave your passport as a deposit when renting transport.
  • Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations and on the bus, and watch out for your valuables.
  • Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.

Nature and climate

There is a hot, humid monsoon climate.
In the rainy season from May to November, monsoon rains can cause widespread flooding and landslides, especially along the Mekong River and in mountainous regions. Local street flooding also occurs in Phnom Penh.

  • Follow weather reports in the local or international media.
  • Always observe prohibitions, information signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

The infrastructure is insufficiently developed. With a few exceptions, buses, trains and boats do not at least meet the safety standards customary in Germany.

Caution is also advised when traveling by air within the country. Cambodian airlines do not have the high safety standards that are common in Germany, for example.

With a few exceptions, roads are in poor condition. For reasons of road safety, it is not advisable to travel by bike or motorbike; In some parts of the country, foreigners are prohibited from driving motorcycles. It is compulsory to wear a helmet. As a rule, drivers of motorcycle taxis (so-called motor-ups) do not have helmets for their passengers.

Internet and cellular networks do not cover all parts of the country, especially not remote areas and smaller islands.

  • If possible, plan all land trips so that you can safely reach your destination before dark.
  • Always wear a suitable helmet when riding motorbikes and scooters.

Driving license

The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license. A Cambodian guide must be requested for stays of 3 months or more.

Special instructions on how to behave

The country is open to tourism; cultural tourism in particular is welcome. Traditions and Buddhist values ​​are alive and should be taken into account when traveling.

  • Do not leave the marked paths of the temple complexes.
  • Respect the culture of your host country.

LGBTIQ

Homosexuality is neither forbidden nor punishable. In Cambodian society, especially in the capital Phnom Penh and among the young population, there is increasing, albeit covert acceptance.

Legal specifics

Warnings are given against the acquisition, possession, distribution, import and export of all kinds of drugs. Taking along or transporting objects for third parties without knowledge of their contents can also have disastrous consequences.

The use of drones is prohibited in Phnom Penh, Angkor Wat and other historical temple complexes. A permit can be obtained for some areas. The regulation applies particularly in the vicinity of administrative or military buildings, as well as near airports. Violations have been punished in recent years with a heavy fine up to several years imprisonment on charges of espionage.

The theft of cultural goods, including damaged parts of temples and statues, is strictly forbidden and is punishable by severe fines or imprisonment.

The sexual abuse of minors is severely punished in Cambodia and also prosecuted in Germany, even if the act was committed in Cambodia. Sexual intercourse with people under the age of 18, even with their consent, is a criminal offense. It is difficult to be certain of your partner's age even if you show ID, as these are often forged.

Often, a procedure that meets the rule of law cannot be expected (very long pre-trial detention, expensive and inadequate legal defense, harsh conditions of detention with the most serious dangers and damage to health).

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy. The royal family enjoys special respect. Derogatory or critical comments - including on social media - can be viewed as a libel of majesty. This has been a criminal offense since the beginning of 2018. Violations are punishable by one to five years imprisonment and fines ranging from $ 500 to $ 2,500. From when one can speak of an insult to the majesty depends on the interpretation of the law by the respective judge. Travelers should therefore be cautious about the royal family.

  • Do not acquire, distribute, import or export drugs and respect prohibitions on their use.
  • Do not transport any objects whose contents you do not know.
  • Do not steal any cultural assets or take damaged parts of temples and statues with you.
  • Avoid critical statements - including on social media - that could be interpreted as a libel of majesty.

Money / credit cards

The local currency is the Cambodian Riel (KHR). Most payments are made in cash in US dollars and Riels (for payments with an equivalent value of less than 10 US dollars). Change is now only given in Riel. Sometimes small US dollar bills are not accepted. Credit cards are usually only accepted in the larger hotels and restaurants. The number of ATMs is constantly increasing. Cash withdrawals are usually only possible with credit cards, only a few ATMs accept Maestro bank cards. The authenticity of the bills should be checked at the ATM.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • passport: Yes
  • Temporary passport: Yes
  • Identity card: No
  • Provisional identity card: No
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:

Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.

According to the immigration authorities, visitors to Siem Reap (Angkor Wat temple complex) are required to stay overnight in Cambodia for at least one night. A day trip to Siem Reap (Angkor Wat) from a third country, e.g. Thailand, is therefore not possible.

visa

German citizens need a visa to enter Cambodia.

Visa before entry

You can apply for a visa before entering the country at a Cambodian diplomatic mission, e.g. the Cambodian embassy in Berlin.
The period of validity of three months stated on a visa obtained before entry is the period of use.Entry must take place within this period, the duration of the permitted stay is 30 days from the date of entry. It is determined by the border official upon entry.

Online Visa (eVisa)

No online visas are currently being issued.
The category T visa (tourism) can be applied for online as an e-Visa. However, it can be used at a limited number of border crossings. The application should be submitted at least two weeks before the planned start of the trip, the payment of the visa fee is possible by debit or credit card, PayPal or bank transfer.

Visa on arrival

No visas are currently issued upon entry.
Obtaining a visa on arrival is possible for visas of category T (tourism) and E (business trip) for a fee. In principle, the visa is only issued for a single entry or exit.
Since the beginning of June 2019, a new entry / exit form has to be used for entry, which also serves as an application for a visa "on arrival". A passport photo is no longer required for this. Not all airlines distribute the new form on the plane, it is also available at the airport.

Extension of the visa

Before the 30-day period expires, a Category T and E visa can be extended at the Ministry of Interior's Immigration Service, located across from Phnom Penh Airport. Category T visas are extended once for a further 30 days (with a single entry and exit). Category E visas can be extended by up to 12 months, with multiple entries and exits possible after the extension. When applying for an extension, the purpose of the stay must be specified and documented. The conversion of a visa of category E into a visa of category B or C (permanent residence) is not possible on site or only in exceptional cases.

Immigration control

Upon entry, an entry stamp is affixed to the passport, with which the length of the permitted length of stay is noted. To avoid misunderstandings, the entry in the entry stamp should be checked upon entry.
The entry / exit card is stamped by the border officer and fixed in the passport. The card must be presented upon departure.

Starting work / volunteer programs

A work permit is usually required to take up work in Cambodia. A distinction is made between a temporary and an unlimited work permit. This must be applied for at the Cambodian Ministry of Labor.

Participants in the “weltwärts” program or generally employed by non-governmental organizations must apply for a category B or C visa before entering the country. It is not possible to issue a B or C visa upon entry at the border crossing or electronically. The visa allows a single entry or exit and is valid for three months. An extension of up to 12 months can be requested from the Cambodian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Minors

Minors traveling alone must have an official declaration of consent from the legal guardian.

Import regulations

The import and export of foreign currency from USD 10,000 must be declared.

There are no import and export restrictions for alcohol and cigarettes for personal use. In practice, however, a maximum of 1.5 liters of alcohol or ten packets of cigarettes are generally allowed on entry. For the temporary importation of cars and motorcycles by land, written approval must be obtained from the General Department of Customs and Excise Phnom Penh prior to departure.

Pets

Pets can generally be imported if the basic vaccinations (rabies) are available and a health certificate from a veterinarian is presented. If you intend to bring pets other than cats or dogs with you, it is advisable to contact the relevant Cambodian agency beforehand to check whether the intended transport is possible.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.

measles

In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.

  • As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.

Vaccination protection

No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area, proof of a yellow fever vaccination must be provided.

  • Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
  • Vaccinations against hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and for long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, typhoid, rabies and Japanese encephalitis.
  • Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
  • The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.

Zika virus infection

The predominantly diurnal AedesMosquito-borne infection with Zika viruses can lead to malformations in children during pregnancy and neurological complications in adults.

Dengue fever

Dengue viruses are nationwide by diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is usually accompanied by fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see also information sheet on dengue fever.

  • To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.

Chikungunya fever

Chikungunya viruses are diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is characterized by a high fever and possibly prolonged joint and muscle pain. The symptoms can often not be clearly distinguished from other mosquito-borne diseases. Chikungunya fever does not always heal without consequences, and there are seldom long-term rheumatoid-like symptoms. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy, see leaflet Chikungunya fever.

  • To avoid Chikungunya fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.

malaria

Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anophelesMosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous tropical malaria in particular is often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.

  • If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see the doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.

There is a risk of malaria all year round in Cambodia, and this is increased during the rainy seasons. Increasing resistance to artemisinin is reported.
A medium risk of malaria exists in most parts of the country, highest in the rainforest on the border with Thailand and Laos, lower in a wide belt through the middle of the country from SE to NW along the Mekong to north of the Tonle Sap.
A low risk within this belt in the vicinity of Phnom Penh and immediately around the Tonle Sap.
Phnom Penh and Angkor Wat are considered malaria free.

To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:

  • Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
  • Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) and in the evening and at night (malaria).
  • If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.

Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) is also useful. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.

  • Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
  • It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.

HIV / AIDS

There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.

  • Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.

Diarrheal diseases

Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene, most diarrheal diseases and also cholera (see below) can be avoided. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:

  • Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
  • If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you're out and about.
  • If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
  • Cook or peel food yourself.
  • Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
  • Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
  • If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.

Schistosomiasis (schistosomiasis)