Can a BSc student do an MA?

The Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree

In Germany you can finish your first degree with 8 different Bachelor degrees. In the fields of mathematics and natural sciences, medicine and health care, agriculture and forestry, economics or engineering, you will complete your studies with a Bachelor of Science.

What is a Bachelor of Science?

Alongside the Bachelor of Arts, the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) is one of the most popular degrees in Germany. It is awarded primarily in scientific, technical and economic subjects. Courses in the following subjects usually end with a Bachelor of Science:

  • Computer science
  • mathematics
  • physics
  • chemistry
  • biology
  • architecture
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Forest sciences

In addition, there are courses in which you can acquire 2 different Bachelor degrees, depending on the subject area:

  • Engineering (Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Engineering)
  • Economics (Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts)
  • Psychology (Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts)

Requirements for the Bachelor of Science degree

Many universities restrict their Bachelor of Science courses in part with a numerus clausus (NC). This means that in addition to the university entrance qualification, you also have to have a certain grade point average in the Abitur.

As a rule, however, you do not need a 1-year Abitur in order to be able to start studying for a Bachelor of Science degree. In addition to the NC, some universities require an entrance exam in which you can prove that you are suitable for the course.

Against the background of the very high drop-out rates in the Bachelor of Science courses, such tests make perfect sense.

In addition to the formal requirements, you should also meet some personal requirements. This includes analytical thinking and a technical-mathematical understanding. But also a solution-oriented way of thinking. In addition, high resilience and a quick grasp are important.

Course of the Bachelor of Science course

As in most other bachelor's degree programs, the standard period of study for a Bachelor of Science degree is usually 6 semesters. However, due to the extensive practical components and (obligatory) company internships, the duration of the course can in some cases be increased to 7 or 8 semesters.

During your studies you will complete various modules. These are teaching units that consist of several thematically related courses. For each course you will receive credit points that reflect the amount of time you have to invest to successfully pass a course.

The modules can often be divided into 3 categories:

  • Basic modules: imparting basic knowledge
  • Core modules: imparting specific specialist knowledge
  • Supplementary modules: imparting in-depth specialist knowledge in certain subject areas

Once you have attended all the required modules and collected sufficient credit points, you can start writing your thesis - the so-called bachelor thesis.

In contrast to the Bachelor of Arts, in the Bachelor of Science it is usually not possible to combine a major and a minor. The Bachelor of Science courses are usually only to be completed as a single-subject Bachelor.

After the Bachelor of Science degree

With the Bachelor of Science you receive a professional university degree. In addition to starting a career, the Bachelor also offers the opportunity to take up a Master’s degree. In this you will deepen your previously acquired knowledge.

In some natural science courses, such as biology or chemistry, the master’s degree or the subsequent doctorate is the standard qualification.

With a bachelor's degree, you hardly have any chances on the job market as a chemist or biologist, and even as a master’s degree, it is sometimes not easy to find a job. Physicists are also often expected to have a doctorate.

In general, your career opportunities after completing your Bachelor of Science degree depend on your degree program. While biologists and chemists have to reckon with a longer orientation phase after their studies, as a computer scientist, engineer or mathematician you can in some cases freely choose your job.

Possible courses of study leading to a Bachelor of Science

Courses leading to a Bachelor of Science are, for example: