What are the supplements for smokers

Smoking can make your vision significantly worse

Compared to non-smokers, smokers are almost twice as likely to develop glaucoma. A recent study also indicates that wet age-dependent macular degeneration (AMD) occurs on average around five years earlier in smokers than in non-smokers. Smoking and nicotine consumption are also risk factors for developing cataracts or dry eyes. The Eye Foundation therefore advises you to give up smoking. The likelihood of diseases of the eyes, which can lead to blindness in the long term and if left untreated, could thus be significantly reduced.

Higher risk of AMD and cataracts

According to a US study, the risk of developing AMD is 83 percent higher for active smokers than for non-smokers, and 42 percent higher for former smokers (3). In addition, smokers develop the wet form of AMD more than five years earlier than non-smokers on average, which is the most common cause of blindness in older people in industrialized countries. This is evidenced by a recent study in which researchers examined nearly 500 patients with wet AMD.

Smoking also increases the risk of cataracts by a third. According to the various studies, the combination of several negative health effects of smoking increases the risk of eye diseases: On the one hand, smokers ingest toxins that directly damage the body's cells. On the other hand, nicotine consumption increases the risk of diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure or circulatory disorders, which can also lead to eye diseases in the long term.

Glaucoma risk increased by smoking by 88 percent

The glaucoma or glaucoma is the second most common cause of vision loss in Germany. Around 15 percent of blindness is caused by this disease, which is caused by damage to the optic nerve due to increased intraocular pressure. According to a recent review, smoking increases the risk of developing glaucoma by an average of 88 percent. The duration and intensity of cigarette consumption influence the risk of illness.

The good news: Quitting smoking significantly reduces the risk of illness. For ex-smokers, it is only a little more than a quarter higher than for non-smokers

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Tobacco cigarette or e-cigarette: hardly any difference in terms of eye damage

“There is a simple rule when it comes to smoking: if you want to protect your eyes, you should keep your hands off cigarettes,” says Professor Dr. med. Frank G. Holz, Chairman of the Eye Foundation. Because smoking increases the likelihood of developing glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or cataracts, also known as cataracts, according to the director of the University Eye Clinic in Bonn.

In addition, cigarette smoke attacks the tear film and thus promotes the dry eye syndrome. “The tear film of the eyes acts like a protective shield for the surface of the eye. If this is disturbed by smoke, for example, the eye is more prone to injury, ”says Professor Dr. med. Christian Ohrloff, media spokesman for the Eye Foundation.

In this context, the former director of the Frankfurt University Eye Clinic warns against smoking electronic cigarettes: “The vapor from e-cigarettes also attacks the surface of the eye.” In addition, some of the liquids vaporized in e-cigarettes contain nicotine. "For eye health, it hardly makes a difference whether someone uses a classic tobacco cigarette or an electronic cigarette," says Ohrloff.

Sources: Eye Foundation; Eyebizz.de; Optic and Vision.

Additional Information:

  • Rüfer F .: Secondary neuroprotection in glaucoma through lifestyle changes. Clin Monthly Eye Healing Kd. 237: 158-162 (2020).
  • Detaram HD. et al .: Smoking and treatment outcomes of neovascular age-related macular degeneration over 12 months. Br. J. Ophthalmol. 104, 893-898 (2020)
  • Klein R. et al .: The Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Associated Risk Factors. Arch. Ophthamol. 128, 750-758 (2010)
  • Hae Jeong L. et al .: Association between cataract and cotinine-verified smoking status in 11 435 Korean adults using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2008 to 2016. J. Cataract. Refract. Surg. 46, 45-54 (2020)
  • Makrynioti D. et al .: Ocular conditions and dry eye due to traditional and new forms of smoking: A review. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, online February 25, 2020.

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Last changed on 07/22/2020 9:52 AM