What do you call a female warlock

Witcher

This article describes the person of magic. See also The Witcher.

Witcher are male witches according to the early modern witch doctrine. Sometimes they are also called magicians, magicians, Drudner, Trudner, witchers[1] or simply titled as "Malefikanten" (culprits). The term Sorcerer is mostly used in the sense of witcher, but can also refer to a witch finder.

Synonyms terms

The many words for 'male witch' stem from that one Sorcerer (see Goethe's apprentice sorcerer) depicts a male witch or magician as a master of his art, while a Witcher is a normal person using witch powers or skills. A Drudner or Trudner (used around 1600), on the other hand, is considered a herbalist, but still a culprit. In the course of time, the two terms mixed up and are now equally common and apparently the same. Already in the witch trials of the early modern period they were equally known as "culprits", latinized as Maleficants designated.

This difference is also evident in old confessions, as Augustin Loß from Plaidt wrote in 1629 in his confession, “the wealthy witches and sorcerers dined in a palace, he himself was not allowed to sit at this table”.

Male and female witches

The proportion of warlocks among the victims of the witch hunts varies in the different regions of Europe and also in terms of time. At the beginning of the great witch hunt, i. H. around 1400, a large number of men were initially victims of witch hunts. This was mainly due to the fact that the witchcraft trial had developed from the heretic trial and was initially led by the ecclesiastical inquisition. In heretic trials, mostly men were charged, only rarely women. In the early modern era, witchcraft was considered a common criminal offense and increasingly prosecuted by secular jurisdiction; now the proportion of men among the victims was rapidly decreasing. It was only at the height of the witch persecution in Germany in the 1620s that men were increasingly persecuted again. Overall, around a quarter of all men accused of witchcraft were in the area of ​​the Holy Roman Empire. In France the proportion was significantly higher.

Warlock, the English word for witcher, can also refer to a male member of the Wicca witch religion.[2]

The Drudenhaus (Malefizhaus, witch prison) was built in Bamberg in 1627 for the imprisonment of witches.

Well-known warlocks and sorcerers

The sorcerer as a PC game character

  • In the online role-playing game World of Warcraft The Warlock is a playable class that can be played on the side of the undead, orc, blood elves, humans, gnomes, dwarves, trolls, goblins and worgen. Among other things, the warlock summons demons and hurls lightning bolts at his opponents. He also differs from the magician in many ways, as he has a variety of "damage-over-time" spells (curses) and brings corruption to his opponents.
  • In the online role-playing game Dark Age of Camelot The Warlock is a playable class from the Midgard faction. His specialty here is interweaving different spells in order to use the effects of both so interwoven spells.
  • Im on D&D based role play Neverwinter Nights the witcher is a powerful wizard who can summon demons, among other things. The sorcerer and the magician also exist in the same game, but they differ from the sorcerer in some points.
  • In role play The Witcher is the protagonist of the sorcerer Geralt von Rivia, a mutant who, in addition to his masterly ability with the sword, can also work magical symbols and is a skilled alchemist.
  • In the game series The Legend of Zelda becomes the main antagonist Ganondorf referred to as a sorcerer. Here he uses forces of darkness to get hold of the so-called Triforce.

Other uses of the term

In sports, such as ice hockey and handball, the term stands for a goalkeeper who is characterized by special reflexes.

literature

  • Melissantes alias Johann Gottfried Gregorii: Witches. Sorcerer. In:Gemüth's enjoyable historical handbook for citizens and farmers in which in the form of a brief historical lexici of all sorts of classes, arts, crafts and sciences ..., Frankfurt, Leipzig [and Arnstadt] 1744, pp. 495-532.
  • Rolf Schulte: Sorcerer. The persecution of men as part of the witch hunt from 1530–1730 in the Old Kingdom. Frankfurt 2001
  • Rita Voltmer: Chasing "bad people". Witch hunts in the region around the Laacher See (16th to 17th centuries). In: Plaidter leaves. Yearbook of the Plaidter History Association. Plaidt 1.2003, pp.11-24

Web links

Wiktionary: Witcher - Explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Witcherich, the. www.duden.de, accessed on January 7, 2014.
  2. ↑ The word warlock comes from the old Norwegian "necromancer", varð-lokkur or from old English wærloga 'True Liar'