What do poor people not understand

poverty

Goal 1 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (open the dictionary entry for the term) * is to end poverty in every form and everywhere.

The Development Committee of the OECD (DAC) (call up the encyclopedia entry for the term) * understands poverty to be the inability to meet basic human needs. Above all, these needs include the consumption and safety of food (call up a lexicon entry for the term) *, health care (call up a lexicon entry for the term) *, education (call up a lexicon entry for the term) *, exercise of rights, participation (Call up lexicon entry for the term) *, Security and dignity and decent work.

Absolute poverty is defined as a condition in which a person cannot afford to meet his basic economic and social needs. Relative poverty describes poverty in relation to a person's respective social environment.

Poverty is a dynamic process and not a quality. As a rule, it is drastic family events (e.g. illness, death, raising a dowry for a wedding) or major crises (such as armed conflicts, natural disasters, economic downturns) that plunge people into poverty.

Many people manage to improve their living conditions on their own so that they can free themselves out of poverty. It is estimated that only a quarter to a third of people affected by poverty are chronically poor - that is, for the rest of their lives.

Reducing poverty is one of the greatest challenges of our time. The fight against poverty and for better living conditions worldwide is one of the most important tasks of international and German politics.

Measure poverty

Measuring poverty is difficult, everyone experiences it differently. Hunger (go to the lexicon entry for the term) *, illness or fear are difficult to measure. That is why there are internationally accepted criteria that help to determine what poverty is and who is considered poor.

Various approaches have prevailed when measuring poverty. According to the World Bank's definition (see glossary for the term) *, people are extremely poor when they have less than $ 1.90 a day to spend. With this approach, the purchasing power of the US dollar is converted into local purchasing power. This means that extremely poor people are unable to buy the amount of goods that would cost $ 1.90 in the United States every day. The $ 1.90 limit is considered to be the financial minimum a person needs to survive. According to this, around ten percent of the world's population, around 690 million people, lived in extreme poverty in 2017. By converting them into local purchasing power, poverty rates can be compared internationally.

There are increasing attempts to represent other dimensions of poverty statistically as well. For example, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP (call up lexicon entry for the term) *) calculates the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). It measures how badly a household suffers from deprivation in the areas of education, health and standard of living. The Human Development Index (HDI) (access the lexicon entry for the term) * also tries to map several dimensions on a scale from 0 to 1, but does not describe the state of individual households, but the level of development of a country. Indicators for the HDI include life expectancy at birth, literacy rate, level of education and real purchasing power per capita in a country.