How do people deal with anorexia nervosa

eating disorder

Subforms of anorexia

Neither orthorexia nervosa nor anorexia athletica are recorded as independent clinical pictures. In terms of the clinical picture, they resemble anorexia.

Orthorexianervosa: The term is made up of "orthos" (correct) and "orexis" (appetite). Orthorexia nervosa therefore means pathological healthy eating. Those affected often spend several hours calculating the nutritional values ​​and the vitamin and mineral content of foods. Unhealthy foods trigger anxiety. Over time, the list of "allowed" foods decreases, which can lead to deficiency symptoms. As with many other eating disorders, orthorexia nervosa also has excessive food fixation. From a diagnostic perspective, however, it is not an eating disorder in itself. The orthorexia nervosa is in the border area of ​​the obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Anorexia athletica: Anoroxia athletica is also not recognized as an independent disease. However, it often occurs as an accompanying symptom of an eating disorder. Anorexia athletica is characterized by consciously reducing body weight in order to achieve a certain athletic performance. Weight loss is achieved either through strict diet or through other weight-reducing measures such as excessive exercise or excessive dehydration. A frequent occurrence is found in sports where low body weight is a performance factor, for example in climbing and ski jumpers.

Binge eating disorder: Binge Eating Disorder is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating. It is characteristic that the binge eating is accompanied by a feeling of loss of control. This means that people with this eating disorder cannot control what and how much they eat. Although there is no physiological hunger, those affected often eat until they feel uncomfortable full. After eating, they face feelings of guilt and disgust. The difference to eating vomiting is the lack of purging behavior. In other words, those affected do not fast and do not induce vomiting in order to compensate for the binge eating.

Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified = EDNOS: This includes those eating disorders that do not meet all diagnostic criteria for a specific eating disorder. Examples of this: Although a woman meets all the criteria for anorexia, there is no missed menstrual period. Or: Large amounts of food are chewed, but spit out before swallowing.